Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that are secreted by the cannabis plant. Studies have shown that cannabinoids may provide relief for many health-related symptoms (see CBD Oil Benefits) and help balance overall wellness.
Our bodies naturally produce endocannabinoids through our own endocannabinoid system. Cannabis has naturally occurring cannabinoids that actually plug nicely into this system, helping pick up the slack for any deficiencies that might be present. Endocannabinoid deficiencies have been found to cause unpleasant symptoms in people, and can potentially manifest into bigger health problems if left untreated.
THC and CBD are the two main cannabinoids that people are generally familiar with, but there are several lesser-known cannabinoids that also provide equal, if not more, health benefits as well. When these cannabinoids are combined with each other, they can have an even greater therapeutic benefit known as the entourage effect. Full Spectrum CBD oil products contain many cannabinoids and is the preferred choice of CBD oil for those looking to take advantage of this effect.
List of Common Cannabinoids:
Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA)
THCA can be thought of as the precursor state of THC. Cannabis contains mostly THCA which becomes THC through the process known as decarboxylation. This process releases CO2 from the chemical compound and can be triggered by using UV lights to dry out the plant, and the process can also be accelerated by using intense heat. This is why eating a fresh cannabis plant doesn’t produce the psychoactive effects while smoking cannabis does.
Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA) CBDA is similar to THCA. CBDA is the precursor state of CBD and turns into CBD through the same decarboxylation process. CBDA inhibits the COX-2 enzyme which contributes to the anti-inflammatory effects of cannabis.
Cannabinol (CBN) THC converts to CBN when exposed to oxygen over time. CBN or Cannabinol (not to be confused with cannabidiol or CBD) is currently undergoing more scientific research. Right now we do know that CBN has a sedative effect. In fact, 5mg of CBN is known to be just as effective as a 10mg dose of diazepam – a pharmaceutical grade sedative.
Cannabichromene (CBC) CBC has somewhat flown under the radar, but its benefits are showing extreme promise. It’s most frequently found in tropical varieties of cannabis and appears to help relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and inhibit the growth of cancer cells. It also has been shown to promote bone growth.
CBDV is still in its initial stages of research as well. Recent studies have shown promise for its anticonvulsant abilities and its usage in the management of epilepsy. CBDV has also shown to have the ability to relieve nausea.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) THC is the most abundant cannabinoid in marijuana. THC binds itself to cannabinoid receptors in the brain resulting in its well-known psychoactive effects. THC has shown to be an effective painkiller, and recent research shows that it also contains antioxidant activity.
Cannabidiol (CBD) CBD is the second most prevalent cannabinoid in cannabis, second to THC. CBD has shown tremendous medical benefits and potential as a therapeutic, with many successful strides in helping with anxiety, seizures, inflammation, and pain, just to name a few.
Cannabigerol (CBG) CBG is a precursor to most other cannabinoids, and early indications are that this cannabinoid may actually be superior to both CBD and THC in some cases. CBG is known to slow and kill bacterial growth, reduce inflammation, and inhibit the growth of tumor and cancer cells. CBG is found primarily in the early stages of cannabis growth.
THCV is similar in chemical composition to THC. THCV is found only in a few strains of cannabis and it does contain some psychoactive effects – about a quarter of the effects that THC has. THCV has been shown to have appetite suppressing effects, making it a possible weight loss supplement and a helpful aid in regulating blood sugar levels.