As we begin to learn more about cannabinoids, we delve into the relationship and interaction between cannabinoids and terpenes.
Cannabis is currently one of the hottest topics going around, but what’s it really about? You hear a lot of different terms and words being thrown about whenever cannabis comes up for discussion. Things like terpenes, cannabinoids, the entourage effect, CBD, THC and much more. Understanding what all these things mean isn’t always easy for people new to cannabis.
Understanding the relationship between different cannabinoids, terpenes, and the entourage effect is important. We’re going to break down the relationship between cannabinoids and help explain why terpenes matter, the relationship between terpenes and CBD and what cannabinoids are.
What Are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are the natural compounds found in both marijuana and hemp plants, both of which are different strains of the cannabis plant. There are two main cannabinoids in the marijuana and hemp plants, cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
You may be surprised to learn that there are actually over 100 cannabinoids in total, but CBD and THC are the two most well-known.
THC is the cannabinoid that’s responsible for the ‘high’ many users experience when they smoke or consume marijuana. CBD has a variety of different potential health benefits, but unlike THC, CBD doesn’t get you high and has no psychoactive properties at all.
Inside our bodies is something known as the Endocannabinoid System or ECS. Many health professionals believe that the ECS is responsible for maintaining balance and harmony throughout our central nervous system.
When you take CBD oil, you’re getting a healthy dose of cannabinoids. The CBD interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors located in the ECS creating a chemical reaction. Imagine the CB1 and CB2 receptors as small locks and the cannabinoids as the keys unlocking those locks.
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes, or terpenoids, are another natural compound that’s found in both marijuana and hemp. Terpenes are volatile and aromatic molecules which evaporate easily. What does this mean? It means that you can smell them as they evaporate. You may be surprised to learn that terpenes are also found in a variety of other plants, fruits, and trees.
Terpenes are the fragrant oils which give different plants, fruits and trees their aroma or smell. That’s why there is a big focus right now on the benefits of aromatherapy and the roles which terpenes play in our health.
That’s why different strains of cannabis have different aromas. Some people believe that when you smell different strains of cannabis and some smell good, it’s your bodies way of telling you which strains appeal to you and offer you the most benefit.
Currently, scientists have discovered over 200 different terpenes in marijuana alone. That’s not to say that you’re going to get a huge quantity of each of them, there are usually 1-2 dominant terpenoids.
Terpenoids and cannabinoids both work to increase your blood flow, enhance cortical activity and eliminate respiratory pathogens. Terpenes and cannabidiol also work together to reduce the psychoactive properties of THC.
What Is the Relationship Between Terpenes and Cannabinoids?
Terpenes work in conjunction with cannabinoids, and it’s believed that when you have cannabis products which contain terpenes and cannabinoids, the health effects are boosted. This is known as the entourage effect.
The entourage effect magnifies the therapeutic benefits of the plant’s different compounds by combining them all together rather than just utilizing one aspect such as the cannabinoids. CBD may be great by itself, but when you combine it with the natural terpenoids, you can increase and multiply the benefits of the cannabinoid.
A study which was published in the British Journal of Pharmacology by Dr. Ethan Russo spoke extensively about the therapeutic benefits of terpenoids. In the study, Dr. Russo compared the effects and properties of CBD-only products when compared to products which contained terpenes.
The discovery of the Entourage Effect was only recent when you compare it to another aspect of cannabis, and there is still a lot of studies that need to be done into it to fully uncover the potential health benefits associated with combining cannabinoids with terpenoids.
An example of how terpenes work in conjunction with cannabinoids is the terpene Myrcene. Myrcene can help to reduce the blood-brain barrier, that then enables other chemicals to transition through the blood-brain barrier easier. It’s believed that a combination of Pinene, Myrcene and Caryophyllene could help to unravel mental health conditions such as anxiety. Linalool and Limonene, when combined with CBD, are being studied as a potential anti-acne treatment.
We still have a very long way to go into discovering the full benefits of cannabinoids and terpenes, but the future is looking much brighter. You can shop our selection of CBD oil with terpenes that offer added therapeutic benefits for those looking for an added boost of targeted healing.